Basic information about the Coronavirus for children and teenagers

Note that the latest information about developments, advice and responses can always be found on the webpage of the Directorate of Health and on

What is the coronavirus?
A virus is a type of germ and germs can cause illnesses. The coronavirus is a virus that can cause an illness. There are many different types of coronaviruses but the one that causes COVID-19 is called SARS-CoV-2.

What kind of illness does it cause?
This coronavirus causes an illness that is similar to the flu, or a cold, with symptoms such as coughing, sore throat, fever and body aches. The virus can also cause more serious illness such as pneumonia (which is a serious infection of the lungs) especially with those who are not well before or already have certain medical conditions, like heart disease or diabetes.

If someone is sick, they should contact the helpline for advice at 1700 (+354 544 4113) if calling on a foreign phone).

Is COVID-19 dangerous?
A lot of people have gotten ill in the world. The virus has spread to most places in the world and when that happens it is called a pandemic.

Most of those who are infected by the virus do not get seriously ill, but everyone that does get sick needs to be monitored. Most people get better but for some people, for example the elderly, it can be dangerous.

Could I get the coronavirus?
Anyone that has been close to someone that is already ill with the coronavirus could get infected and get sick. Someone who is sick can spread the virus by coughing, sneezing or even talking very loudly. The virus then travels with the drops from their mouth and can land on you. If you then breathe it in or you touch your face (mouth, nose or eyes) the virus can get into your body.

How can I avoid getting infected?
It is a good rule to stay away, as much as you can, from sick people, in particular those who have symptoms of cold, like cough, fever or a sore throat. And it is importand to wash your hands often and well with soap and water or use a hand sanitiser. To protect others if you need to cough or sneeze you should do that into your elbow, not into your hands or into the air. Adults also need to keep a 2-metre distance from others they are not close with (family, closest friends).

Why are people wearing masks?
Masks can protect you and other people. If a sick person coughs or sneezes then germs from them do not spread as much. Those that wear the mask also don´t get as much drops on them.

Fyrst birt 29.02.2020
Síðast uppfært 13.12.2020

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